As 2017 gets underway, here are the top intellectual property lawsuits and legal disputes that we are watching.
SCA Hygiene Products AB et al. v. First Quality Baby Products LLC
The Supreme Court has agreed to hear this case to decide whether laches will remain a defense available to patent infringement defendants. Laches is an equitable doctrine that bars suits filed after an unreasonable delay. The case comes on the heels of a 2014 Supreme Court decision ruling the defense is not viable in copyright infringement cases. The case was argued in November 2016.
TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Food Brands Group LLC
This case presents the Supreme Court with an opportunity to change the scope of the venue statute for patent litigation. Currently, patent infringement cases can be brought in any judicial venue where a defendant makes allegedly infringing sales. Many critics, including TC Heartland, argue this is an unreasonably broad reading of the statute that provides for excessive forum shopping. A narrowed interpretation of the statute may result in venue being proper only where the defendant resides or has a regular place of business. Commentators speculate that this could be nearly a death knell for the Eastern District of Texas, currently the most active patent litigation venue, and a boon for the District of Delaware.
Life Technologies Corp. et al. v. Promega Corp. et al.
In this case, the Supreme Court must determine whether shipping a component of a patented invention overseas to be assembled out of the U.S. can constitute patent infringement. Section 271(f)(1) of the Patent Act requires that “all or a substantial portion of the components” of a patented invention be supplied from the U.S. The case will therefore turn on the Court’s interpretation of “substantial,” which the Federal Circuit has ruled to mean “important.” The Court heard arguments in this case in December 2016.
Impression Products Inc. v. Lexmark International Inc.
This case presents review of an important Federal Circuit decision regarding patent exhaustion. The lower court held that foreign sales do not in any case exhaust U.S. patent rights, meaning that a subsequent sale into the U.S. can constitute infringement. It also held that it is permissible for a seller to place post-sale restrictions on further sales of the article. The Supreme Court heard arguments on both of these issues in December 2016. The decision in this case will impact the numerous industries in which companies sell products within and outside of the U.S. at differing prices, relying on their patent rights to prevent the goods sold for lower prices in foreign countries from being imported into the U.S.
Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. et al. v. Apple Inc.
The Supreme Court recently made headlines when it struck a $400 million award over Apple’s design patents, sending the case back to the Federal Circuit for a damages calculation based on the Supreme Court’s new interpretation of the damages statute, which states that damages in design patents are the total profit made from the “article of manufacture” using the protected design. The Supreme Court held that this is not necessarily the final product, but that the article of manufacture can sometimes just be the infringed components. The Federal Circuit was left to come up with its own test for making this calculation.